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Summary of Evaluation of the effect of two different occlusal splints on maximum occlusal force

In patients with sleep bruxism: a pilot study



Reference






PMC4024553 (Ref ID)


Chosen Image filename: PMC4024553_Figure_02.jpg




Document structure and format:


I. Introduction: The research paper titled "Evaluation of the effect of two different occlusal splints on maximum occlusal force in patients with sleep bruxism: a pilot study" evaluates the effect of two types of occlusal splints on maximum occlusal force in patients with sleep bruxism. The purpose of this study was to compare the canine protected hard stabilization splint and Bruxogard-soft splint. The research question and objectives of the study were to evaluate the effect of occlusal splints on maximum occlusal force in patients with sleep bruxism and determine which type of splint is more effective.


II. Methodology: The research design employed in the study was a pilot study. Twelve students with sleep bruxism participated in the study and were randomly assigned to either the canine protected hard stabilization splint group or the Bruxogard-soft splint group. Maximum occlusal force was measured with two miniature strain-gage transducers before, 3, and 6 weeks after insertion of occlusal splints, and clinical examination of temporomandibular disorders was performed for all individuals according to the Craniomandibular Index (CMI) before and 6 weeks after the insertion of splints. Paired sample t-test was used to analyze the changes in mean occlusal force before and after insertion of both splints, and the Wilcoxon test was used to compare the CMI values before and after the insertion of splints. The limitations of the study include a small sample size and the inclusion of only students with sleep bruxism.


III. Results: Participants using the hard stabilization splint showed no significant changes in occlusal force, while participants using Bruxogard-soft splint had a significant decrease in occlusal force 6 weeks after insertion of splint. Both splint groups showed a significant improvement in the CMI value.


IV. Discussion: The results of the study suggest that Bruxogard-soft splint is more effective in reducing maximum occlusal force in patients with sleep bruxism, while both splints led to a significant reduction in clinical symptoms. The study findings are significant as they provide insight into the effect of occlusal splints on maximum occlusal force in patients with sleep bruxism. However, the limitations of the study, such as the small sample size, suggest the need for further research to confirm these findings.


V. Conclusion: In conclusion, the study shows that both canine protected hard stabilization splint and Bruxogard-soft splint have a significant effect on reducing clinical symptoms of sleep bruxism. However, Bruxogard-soft splint is more effective in reducing maximum occlusal force. The study contributes to the existing knowledge of the effectiveness of occlusal splints in treating sleep bruxism and highlights the need for further research to confirm these findings.



Canine protected hard stabilization splint (A) extraoral view and (B) inraoral view.
Courtesy of PMC4024553

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