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Summary of A study to evaluate psychological and occlusal parameters in bruxism

Siddharth Bandodkar, Shuchi Tripathi, [...], and Adarsh Tripathi





(Ref ID): PMC8556522

Chosen Image filename:  PMC8556522_Figure_01.jpg


Document structure and format:


I. Introduction


This research paper evaluates the role of psychological and occlusal parameters in bruxism, which is a non-functional grinding or clenching of teeth. The main research question is to determine if there is a correlation between anxiety or depression and occlusal factors in bruxism. The objective is to provide an evidence-based approach to assess potential contributing factors for bruxism.


II. Methodology


The research design of this study is a case-control study comprising of two groups: Group Br, consisting of 30 patients with bruxism, and Group NBr, consisting of 30 healthy individuals as the control group. Data was collected through the recording of tooth wear index, HADS questionnaire, and digital occlusal analysis using T-Scan III. Statistical analysis was done using student's t-test, chi-square test, and Mann Whitney U test.


III. Results


Group Br had significantly higher anxiety and depression scores compared to Group NBr. Furthermore, they had a significantly greater mean tooth wear index and increased disclusion time. According to the study, subjects with higher levels of anxiety, depression, and increased disclusion time may have a greater tendency to suffer from bruxism.


IV. Discussion


The study's findings support the hypothesis that individuals with certain psychological and occlusal conditions may have a higher predilection for bruxism. The study suggests that anxiety, depression, and occlusal factors may be contributing factors to this condition. However, further research is required to establish a conclusive relationship between bruxism and these contributing factors.


V. Conclusion


This paper provides insights into potential contributing factors to bruxism, highlighting the importance of assessing psychological and occlusal factors while treating this condition. The study's implications include the need for a multi-disciplinary approach while treating bruxism, including psychological, neurological, and dental interventions. Further research is required to establish a definitive relationship between psychological and occlusal factors and bruxism.


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